The Social Mobility Commission (SMC) has called for a shake-up of child welfare benefits and significant investment in education to put disadvantaged children and young people at centre stage of the government’s recovery plan.
Its State of the nation report 2021, published on 20 July 2021, unveils in detail the devastating impact of coronavirus (COVID-19) on the UK’s four nations and warns that this will be felt for decades. Attainment gaps between disadvantaged and privileged children at school are already widening and young people from poorer backgrounds have been more likely to lose paid work than better off peers, it shows.
The government, employers and educators have to act now to rescue the next generation from decades of hardship and they should start by ending child poverty, says the Commission. Almost one in three children (4.3 million) is now in child poverty, 700,000 more than 2012, the report reveals. The organisation argues that the poorest families and their children have suffered most during the last 18 months and should be helped first.
The SMC points out that the UK government dug deep to provide billions of pounds for furlough schemes and help for business and should now dig deep again to take the same decisive action to tackle inequality and improve social mobility.
The SMC proposes removing the two-child limit in Universal Credit and child tax credit, so larger families are not penalised. It also suggests raising each child payment covered by Universal Credit by at least £10 per week to help the poorest families and increasing child benefit by the same amount.
The £14 billion package would lift 1.5 million children out of poverty as well as helping many more out of deep poverty. But the Commission also proposes a range of other measures to help disadvantaged families including: extending early years’ child care; additional funds for school children in long term poverty; a student premium for 16-19 disadvantaged students; greater digital access; and three million more social houses.
The Commission has outlined seven key pillars for recovery with detailed recommendations covering: geography and local power; poverty and living standards; early years; education; apprenticeships and adult skills; digital access; and work and career progression.
The SMC also urges the UK government to put social mobility and these recommendations at the heart of its levelling up agenda. The Commission has frequently highlighted the importance of tackling geographical inequalities and supports the UK government’s focus on this. But it wants to ensure that levelling up is as much about investment in people as it is about infrastructure.
Together the recommendations, drawn from the SMC’s work for the last three years, sum up what Commissioners believe are the most important levers to boost social mobility in the years ahead.
Sandra Wallace, interim Co-Chair of the SMC, said:
Now is the time to take action and we must not shy away from difficult decisions. Now is the moment to level up opportunities for children across the country. Ending child poverty and investing significantly in education are two of the most impactful and influential things the UK government can do to improve social mobility.
Steven Cooper, interim Co-Chair of the SMC, added:
A recovery programme presents a chance to put social mobility at the top of the agenda, but it will have to be a group effort. It will require commitment from government, employers, educators and local leaders to ensure young people have greater access to opportunities from school to employment.
Key recommendations include:
- end two child limit for Universal Credit so larger families are not penalised
- raise Universal Credit child payments and child benefit by at least £10 per week per child
- expand eligibility for entitlement for 30 hours free childcare per week to all families
- extra funding for pupil premium to reflect long-term disadvantage
- a student pupil premium for disadvantaged 16-19 year olds
- employability and life skills teaching mandatory at school end-of-year after GCSE’s and A levels
- affordable access to digital devices and networks by ring-fencing a portion of the digital infrastructure budget
- tailor the apprenticeship levy more effectively for disadvantaged trainees
- greater powers for metro mayors to address geographical inequalities
- build 3 million social homes in next 20 years
- draw up measures to track social mobility progress over next 30 years
Read the State of Mobility Commission ‘State of the Nation 2021: Social mobility and the pandemic’